Bruckner, Anton

(1824–1896)
   One of late 19th-century Austria’s most noted composers, and a prodigiously gifted organist, Anton Bruckner was born in Upper Austria. While teaching school in 1848, Bruckner became the organist at the monastery of St. Florian, where he is buried under the instrument. From 1855 to 1868, he held the same position in the cathedral of Linz, the provincial capital. At the same time he studied composition and music theory in Vienna. In 1868, he became professor of music theory at the Vienna Conservatory and the imperial chapel organist. From 1875 to 1892, he lectured regularly on harmony and counterpoint at the University of Vienna, the first person to hold such an appointment.
   A deeply devout Catholic who interrupted his classes to observe the angelus, Bruckner ranks with Franz Liszt as a composer of important choral works for the church. It is, however, his massive symphonies, nine in all, that are most widely performed today. Several of these he rewrote obsessively. An admirer of the work of Richard Wagner, he worked in dense and repeated blocks of sound, which have a powerful cumulative impact upon a listener. The Fourth is perhaps the best example. Considerable melodic inspiration and richly inventive orchestration, a by-product of long years spent at the organ, enabled Bruckner to avoid the tedium always lurking in his larger musical strategy.
   Bruckner and Wagner were targets of relentless criticism from the influential Viennese music critic Eduard Hanslick, who championed the classical structure in the music of yet another contemporary in Vienna, Johannes Brahms (1893–1897).

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bruckner, Anton — ▪ Austrian composer Introduction in full  Josef Anton Bruckner   born Sept. 4, 1824, Ansfelden, Austria died Oct. 11, 1896, Vienna       Austrian composer of a number of highly original and monumental symphonies. He was also an organist and… …   Universalium

  • Bruckner,Anton — Bruck·ner (bro͝okʹnər), Anton. 1824 1896. Austrian organist and composer whose major works include nine symphonies, a Requiem (1848 1849), and a Te Deum (1881). * * * …   Universalium

  • Bruckner, Anton — ► (1824 96) Compositor y organista austríaco. Obras: nueve sinfonías y varias misas, salmos, obras religiosas y numerosas obras corales …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bruckner, Anton — (4 September 1824, Ansfelden near Linz, Austria – 11 October 1896, Vienna)    Renowned symphonic composer, he was organist at Olomouc, near Linz, from 1855–1868 and then professor at the Vienna Conservatory and court organist in Vienna until his… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Anton Bruckner — auf einem Gemälde von Ferry Bératon, 1890 Joseph Anton Bruckner (* 4. September 1824 in Ansfelden, Oberösterreich; † 11. Oktober 1896 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Komponist der Romantik sowie Organist u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Antón — Anton ist die deutsche Kurzform des männlichen Vornamens Antonius. Zur weiblichen Form des Vornamen siehe Antonia. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bruckner — Bruckner, Anton, bedeutender Komponist, geb. 4. Sept. 1824 in Ansfelden (Oberösterreich), gest. 12. Okt. 1896 in Wien, bildete sich als Schulgehilfe auf autodidaktischem Weg zu einem tüchtigen Musiker aus, wurde 1855 Domorganist in Linz, machte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bruckner — Bruckner, Anton Bruckner, Eduard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bruckner — Bruckner, Anton, Komponist, geb. 4. Sept. 1824 zu Ansfelden in Oberösterreich, gest. 11. Okt. 1896 als Lehrer am Konservatorium in Wien; acht Sinfonien, Männerchorwerke, Kirchenmusik etc. – Vgl. Brunner (1895) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bruckner — (Anton) (1824 1896) compositeur autrichien; auteur de musique religieuse (messes, psaumes, etc.) et de symphonies …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.